Small Business Insurance Basics:-
An insurance company often sells a package of insurance coverages as a single contract. The most common policy for small businesses is the Businessowners Policy (BOP) (BOP).
The BOP is a package policy that covers all of the essential property and liability insurance risks and many other coverages that most small businesses need. The term “BOP” refers to the language in insurance policies written by experts at ISO and updated as needed. ISO gives insurance companies examples of how their policies should be written, and research, and a wide range of other products.
Business income insurance sometimes called “business interruption insurance,” is part of the BOP. This helps a business owner make up for lost income after a disaster. Disasters typically disrupt operations and may force a business to vacate its premises. Business income insurance also covers the extra expense incurred if a business operates out of a temporary location.
A variety of extra coverages can be added to the fundamental BOP to cover risks unique to a business. For example, if a business has an outdoor sign, it isn’t covered by the BOP unless coverage is added for an extra fee. If a business depends on e-commerce, the owner can add coverage for lost income and extra costs in case a computer virus or hacker slows down or stops the business from doing e-commerce.
A BOP can only be used by small and medium-sized businesses that meet specific requirements. Insurers look at things like the size of the building, the required limits of liability, the type of business, and how much activity happens away from the building. The premiums for BOP policies are also based on the location of the business, its financial stability, the construction of the building, its security features, and the risk of fire.
Most small businesses need at least one of the four types of insurance listed below.
- Insurance for property
Property insurance pays out if a business’s property is lost or damaged by fire or theft. Property insurance covers more than just a building or structure. It also covers what insurers call “personal property,” which includes office furniture, inventory, raw materials, machinery, computers, and other essential things for a business to run. Depending on the type of policy, property insurance may cover things like broken equipment, cleaning up after a fire or other damaging event, water damage, and other losses.
- Insurance for liability
Any business can be taken to court. Customers can say that a business hurt them by, for example, giving them a lousy product, giving them bad service, or not caring about someone else’s property. Or, a claimant could say that the business made the area unsafe. Liability insurance pays for damages that the business is found to be responsible for up to the policy’s limits. It also pays for attorneys’ fees and other costs related to defending the business in court. It also pays the medical bills of anyone hurt by the business or on its property.
- Auto insurance for a business
A business auto policy protects the cars that a business owns. The insurance pays up to the policy limits for any costs that third parties have to pay because of injuries or damage to their property for which the business is legally responsible.
- Insurance for workers’ compensation
In every state except Texas, an employer with more than a certain number of employees, which varies from three to five depending on the state, must have workers’ compensation insurance. Workers comp insurance, which is what most people call this type of coverage, pays for medical care and a portion of lost wages for an employee who gets hurt on the job, no matter who was at fault. When a worker dies because of injuries they got on the job, the worker’s family gets money from the insurance. Workers’ compensation insurance might be optional for a small business, like one run by one or two people out of their home. But it usually needs more property and liability insurance than a standard homeowners policy covers.
Other kinds of insurance for businesses
- Mistakes and things left out of Professional Liability Insurance
Some businesses offer services like giving advice, making suggestions, designing things, giving medical care, or representing the needs of others. If a customer, client, or patient gets hurt because the business didn’t do its job right, they can sue the business. Errors and omissions insurance or professional liability insurance pays for these mistakes. Up to the policy limit, the policy will pay any judgement for which the insured is legally responsible. It also pays for your legal defence costs, even if you haven’t done anything wrong.
- Insurance for employment practises liability
Employment practises liability insurance covers (up to the policy limits) damages for which an employer is legally liable, such as violating an employee’s civil or other legal rights. In addition to paying a judgement that the insured is responsible for, insurance covers the costs of legal defence, which can be high even if the insured did nothing wrong.
- Directors and Officers Liability Insurance
Directors’ and officers’ liability insurance protects the people in charge of a business or non-profit organization if someone sues them for not taking care of the rights of others when running the business or organisation. Up to the policy limit, the policy will pay any judgement for which the insured is legally responsible. It also pays for legal costs, even if the person hasn’t done anything wrong.
- Insurance for Key Employees
Life or disability income insurance can give business money if a key employee dies or gets hurt and can’t work. These coverages help to reduce some of the adverse financial effects of losing a key employee.
- Umbrella Policies
As its name suggests, an umbrella liability policy covers a business and its other liability policies. It is made to protect against massive losses. It gives protection when one of the underlying policies has reached its limits. The umbrella policy would protect a typical business even more than the general and auto liability policies. If a company has employment practises liability insurance, directors and officers liability insurance, or other types of liability insurance, the umbrella could also protect them beyond the limits of those policies.